[WSF-Discuss] PMARC : Dalits Media Watch - News Updates 18.05.14

Arun Khote arun.khote at gmail.com
Sun May 18 01:36:10 CDT 2014

*Dalits Media Watch*

*News Updates 18.05.14*

*Dalit man set ablaze over dispute of Vihara property-** The Times Of India*


*Dalit boy death: Activists demand home minister's resignation-** The
Indian Express*




*The Times Of India*

*Dalit man set ablaze over dispute of Vihara property*


NAGPUR: Sanjay Khobragade, 50, is fighting for life with 95% burn injuries
at Government Medical College and Hospital after he was set ablaze on
Saturday while in sleep by five persons over a about property of a Buddhist
shrine at Kewlewada village in Goregaon taluka of Gondia. A senior BJP
office-bearer was among the five booked for the incident.

Khobragade, also complainant in the case, was rushed to Gondia Government
Hospital after family members managed to douse the flames. The victim was
allegedly set on fire by the accused identified as Hrishipal Tembhre,
Madhuri Tembhre, Shriprakash Rahangdale, Bhaulal Harinkhede, Punaji Thakre
and Hemant Thakre. Khobragade, later shifted to Nagpur as his condition
deteriorated, was sleeping in the verandah along with family members when
he was attacked. Hrishipal is learnt to be occupying a post in BJP for
Goregaon taluka.

It is learnt that the issue over a plot adjoining the shrine led to enmity
which resulted in the attack. The rivals had also warned Khobragade in the
past as there were skirmishes between them. Police have now registered an
offence of attempt to murder and rioting against the perpetrators after
recording Khobragade's statement.

The accused have also been slapped with relevant sections of Scheduled
Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act.

No arrest has been made yet.

*The Indian Express*

*Dalit boy death: Activists demand home minister's resignation*


A group of Mumbai-based social activists, lawyers and senior journalists,
who recently visited Kharda village in Ahmednagar following a 17-year old
Dalit boy's brutal killing, have demanded state Home Minister R R Patil's
resignation. On April 28, Nitin Aage was allegedly killed and then hanged
from a tree for being in a relationship with a minor girl from an upper

The police have arrested 13 people, including a minor. "With three
incidents of honour killing which claimed five lives in Ahmednagar
recently, it is high time that the home minister takes responsibility and
resigns," said Subodh More of the Vidrohi Sanskrutic Chalwal. In a
ten-point demand made by the fact finding committee, which includes
activists Arun Feriera, Shyam Sonar; senior journalists Pratima Joshi,
Jatin Desai and lawyer Shabana Khan, they have demanded declaring
Ahmednagar as an 'atrocity prone district'.

*The Pioneer*


Odisha has bounty of nature with sea coast, lake, river and water reservoir
of fresh, brackish and marine water which has been a sustainable source of
livelihood for water based communities including fisher folk, fish workers
and people engaged in allied activities since generations.

Fishing has been a long tradition providing employment, income and food
security. It's estimated that a population of about 12 lakh, including 9
lakh in inland and 3.33 lakh in marine sector, depends on fishing for
livelihood. The inland fishermen population is highest in Chilika followed
by Ganjam, Khurda, Cuttack, Kendrapada, Jajpur and Puri. The marine
fishermen population is highest in Baleswar, followed by Bhadrak,
Jagatsinghpur , Kendrapada, Puri and Ganjam. The fishing population is
located in 3,878 villages all over the State out of which 641 are marine
and 3,237 are inland villages. The literacy rate of fisher folk is 48.15
per cent and most of the fishing villages lack basic infrastructure like
communicating road, electricity, drinking water, health, sanitary facility,
school and housing.

The fishery sector contributes about 3 per cent to the GSDP and has
potentialities of growth to generate employment and food security.

During the year 2010-11, Odisha's fish production was 382.50 thousand MT.
In the year 2012-13, about 22,000 MT of fish worth Rs 793 crore was
exported to foreign countries and at the same time about 60,000 MT of fresh
water fish worth Rs 890 crore was imported from neighbouring States.

The fish production during last five years has substantially increased in
neighbouring States like AP, WB and Chattisgarh where as the production in
Odisha increased very marginally. WB and AP have highest fish production in
the country followed by Gujarat, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra. Odisha ranks
ninth position in the country in terms of fish production and the per
capita consumption of fish has increased with average 10kg per year. The
fishery development policy of the State and the prospective plan of the
fisheries sector in Odisha for next ten years have emphasized to improve
the production of fish through private sector investment, but equal
importance has not been attached to the communities in the sector
considering the changing socio-economic and environmental context in the
coming days. There has been no mention about the rights of traditional
fishing communities.

The recent economic development in the State has affected the fishing
community of the State which is a matter of concern for about three per
cent of the total population of the State. There are 14 potential sites for
development of minor ports in the coast. The ports in Gopalpur and Kirtania
at Subarnarekha mouth in Baleswar, Dhamara and Chaudami in Bhadrak, and
Astaranga in Puri have been developed through private companies like the
Aditya Birla Group. There has been discussion about coastal highway
connecting Dhigha to Vizag. The 100 MoUs by the State  with corporate
houses  for industries , nine  small ports in  Odisha coast , tourism
industry ,  setting up power and polluting industries in coast and river
banks  and costal conservation initiatives are going to impact the people
which will  be largely displacing coastal community including fisher folk
from their land and water based livelihood. The process will destroy
habitations and pave the way for loss of livelihood. The strict
implementation of Odisha Maritime Fishing Regulation Act has restricted the
access of fishing communities.

Fishing by use of traditional boat engaged the whole family including women
and children in different roles.

The people engaged in marine fishing in 480 km coat of Odisha have been
already facing a number of issues in recent times due to natural disaster,
climate change and capital investment in fishing by the corporate world
such as fishing by vessels and trawlers .The production of marine fish has
been decreasing due to pollution, natural disaster and change in ecosystems
with vanishing mangrove forest. The issue of turtle breeding and low
pressure has almost been preventing them enter into the sea for about more
than six months which is affecting very much the livelihood of the
communities depending on coast for survival. The conservation actions have
prevented the fishing community to do fishing in national parks and
sanctuaries in the coast. The Forest Rights Act, 2006 allows STs and other
traditional forest dwellers for fishing right and use of water bodies in
forest areas which is also applicable to fisher folks in mangrove forest
area. The Wild life Protection Act, 2006 protects the rights and
occupational interest of traditional fishing community.

The tourism development in port areas of Gopalpur, Puri, Satapada and
Chilika lake has restricted traditional fishing right of the local fishing
community .Chilika lake is home to 2.5 lakh fisher folk. The illegal prawn
farming by outsiders has created negative impact over the local fishing

The people engaged in small scale and traditional fishing are facing the
problem of pollution in mining and industrial belt where the river and
other traditional water sources are found increasingly polluted.

This has been evident with traditional fishing community living on the bank
of rivers like Brahamani, Mahanadi and Baitarani having lost their
livelihood. The other problems faced by them are indebtedness and distress
sale of fish by the local traders in the absence of a supporting price
system by the State. The water bodies such as ponds, canals, lakes,
wetlands and reservoirs are being restricted to them for fishing. These
people are also being debarred from participation in managing these water
bodies. The power of planning and management of minor water bodies in the
scheduled areas is vested with the panchyats. Similarly, the panchyats in
non scheduled area should allow traditional fisher folk to have rights over
water bodies for livelihood purpose where ever they have presence but there
has been non existence of such a provision.

The right to fish and manage the fisheries in inland public water bodies
should be given to traditional inland fishing communities for their
livelihood as a majority of them are still engaged in fishing for survival.
They should be encouraged with fishing based value added activities in
their own locality through skill up gradation and capital support. The
fishermen/women cooperatives are the best models proved successful in
Kudumbashree of Kerala. Kerala has also introduced biometric identity card
for fishermen including traditional fishing community.

Odisha has 2.56 lakh hectares of reservoir where the State reservoir
fishery policy encourages leasing out for fishing to primary fishermen
cooperatives of locally displaced families and use of advanced technologies
for the purpose. This needs to be implemented by the State. The Government
has setup fish farmers' development agencies in each district to develop
fish pond and trained fish farmers for inland fishing development which
should give priority to traditional fish workers but many of the policies
of have not reached to the people in fishing sector.

As a majority of the fishermen are land less they should be provided land
for housing and right over common property resources and supported with
credit to their fisheries cooperatives along with infrastructure
development in the locality for fish trading. Along with education and
skill development, the local youths of the fishing communities need to be
encouraged for tourism. While recognizing the rights of traditional fishing
communities, steps should be taken in the light of recommendation given by
a committee on fisheries of the Food and Agricultural Organization of the
United Nations (FAO). The guidelines of work in fishing convention of ILO
2007 should be adopted to improve the living and working condition of the
fish workers.

*(The writer is a rights activist, who can be reached at ojaabbsr at gmail.com
<ojaabbsr at gmail.com>)*

*News Monitor by Girish Pant*

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