[WSF-Discuss] Strange Spectacle: Nuclear Security Summit 2016

Sukla Sen sukla.sen at gmail.com
Sun Apr 3 00:47:11 CDT 2016


---------- Forwarded message ----------
From: 'John Hallam' via Nuclear News List <nuclear-news-list at googlegroups.com>
Date: Sat, 2 Apr 2016 23:36:52 +0000 (UTC)



    STRANGE SPECTACLE:
NUCLEAR SECURITY SUMMIT 2016
Lawyers Committee on Nuclear PolicyApril 2, 2016

At the invitation of President Obama, on April 1 more than 50 leaders
of countries, including all states possessing nuclear arsenals except
Russia and North Korea, gathered in Washington for the fourth Nuclear
Security Summit. The focus was on securing civilian highly enriched
uranium (HEU) and similar modest and voluntary steps aimed at
preventing terrorists from acquiring nuclear and radiological weapons.
HEU intended for use in civilian nuclear reactors is a small fraction
of the total amount of weapons-usable HEU and plutonium in the world.

It was a strange spectacle indeed to have so much political capital
invested in limited measures which do not address:
   - the estimated 15,000-plus nuclear weapons in the possession of
states which say they are prepared to use them; there are no safe
hands, state or non-state, for these horrific devices
   - the large stocks of HEU and plutonium in military programs
   - the large stocks of reactor-grade but weapons-usable plutonium
   - ongoing production of HEU and plutonium and construction of new
reprocessing plants to yield plutonium

 The contrast is stark with the global negotiations on prevention of
climate change that culminated in the Paris Agreement last December.
While that agreement is only a start, at least those negotiations
acknowledged the reality of climate change and sought to address the
entire threat.

Also remarkable and deplorable is that the United States and the other
nuclear-armed states are boycotting the United Nations Open-ended
Working Group on Taking Forward Multilateral Negotiations on Nuclear
Disarmament. Established by the General Assembly with the support of
138 countries, the Working Group is charged with discussing legal
measures and norms needed to attain and maintain a world without
nuclear weapons.

The United States and five other nuclear-armed states (France, Russia,
China, Israel, North Korea) have additionally refused the Marshall
Islands’ invitation to appear in the International Court of Justice to
defend their compliance with the obligation, under the Nuclear
Non-Proliferation Treaty and customary international law, to pursue in
good faith negotiations on the elimination of nuclear arsenals. Only
the nuclear-armed states which have accepted the general jurisdiction
of the Court, the United Kingdom, India, and Pakistan, are defending
their records before the Court in cases brought by the Marshall
Islands.

The world would have been far safer if this had been the fourth
Nuclear *Abolition* Summit. It is past time for the United States,
Russia, and other states to embrace and urgently implement a broader
agenda to achieve without delay a world free of nuclear weapons.

Posted at LCNP Facebook:
https://www.facebook.com/Lawyers-Committee-on-Nuclear-Policy-LCNP-146525842127869/?fref=nf

John Burroughs, Executive Director
Lawyers Committee on Nuclear Policy
UN Office of IALANA866 UN Plaza, Suite 4050
New York, NY 10017(212) 818-1861; fax (212) 818-1857
www.lcnp.org

Posted by: "John Burroughs" <johnburroughs at verizon.net>


-- 
Peace Is Doable



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