Since the Seattle demonstrations of 1999, a wave of protest has emerged worldwide against the effects of neo-liberalism. First labelled “anti-globalisation” then “alternative globalisation”, the movement has found that its principles are increasingly echoed by other resistance groups, international and local alike. The birth of the alternative globalisation movement in Turkey is one such example. In this essay, we will explore the national political culture of Turkish social movements in relation to Turkish alternative globalisation, and how this national culture relates to the global political culture hostile to neo-liberalism that was generated at the World Social Forum. We will examine the interaction between distinct political cultures that experiment a more or less global vision of social and political struggle. Using Turkey as a model, we will analyse the connections between initiatives put forth by the local, national and world social forums. By studying the history of Turkish protest groups within the alternative globalisation nebula and by charting the participation of these groups in social forums, we will also examine the intricate relationships between these resistance groups and the mutual effects of such relationships: the subsequent transfer of knowledge and organisational models as well as specific repertoires of activity bound to their various political cultures.

Bio note

Barış Gençer Baykan is a PhD candidate in political science at the University of Paris-1 and the University of Lausanne. His research pertains to social movements and in particular, to the alternative globalisation movement. He participated in a quantitative survey conducted by the Universities of Paris-1, Lausanne and Geneva during the anti-G8 movement in Evian in June 2003 and the European Social Forum 2003.

E-mail: bgbaykan@yahoo.com

Gülçin Erdi Lelandais is a PhD candidate at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) in Paris, France, and is a specialist on transnational social movements and globalisation. Among her recent publications: “Alternative globalisation movements and social capital” (Journal of Civil Society, 2004) and “La société civile turque dans le défi de l’altermondialisation” (Cahiers d’études sur la méditerranée orientale et le monde turco-iranien, forthcoming).

E-mail: Gulcin.Erdi-Lelandais@ehess.fr

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