Abstract

In this article, the authors examine various questions regarding the new expressions of international contestation, analysing answers and reactions from states to the emergence of non-governmental actors opposed to the present world order who claim to propose alternatives to neo-liberal governance. To do so, the authors identify some of the more visible movements of contestation against economic globalisation, like the Seattle, Prague, and Genoa demonstrations, and, first of all, the four editions of the World Social Forum that have taken place, first in Porto Alegre and latterly in Mumbai. At the same time, the article shows the interstate relations that aim to control and if necessary repress these movements, particularly after the attacks on September 11, 2001, and surveys the main legal measures adopted by governments and international institutions, in particular within the European Union. Finally, an account is given of certain strategies to “jurisdictionalise” international conflicts, which some new kinds of litigants purport to use to give legitimacy and visibility to contested claims by directing them to a third-party adjudicator (a tribunal, a mediator, a humanitarian body, etc.).

Bio note

Raúl Enrique Rojo is a professor and researcher in the Sociology Department and the Law, International Relations and Sociology Post Graduate Programmes at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (Porto Alegre, Brazil). He has published around fifty works about juridical and political sociology. His most recent publication is Sociedade e direito no Quebec e no Brasil (2003).

E-mail: raulrojo@vortex.ufrgs.br

Carlos R. S. Milani is a professor and researcher from the Organisational Studies Department and the Post Graduate Programme at the School of Administration of the Federal University of Bahia (Salvador, Brazil). He is the author of numerous articles and co-author of books about the various dimensions of globalisation, market regulations, international democracy, and the World Social Forum, among them Democracia e governança mundial, co-published in 2002 by UNESCO, and ONG et Gouvernance dans le monde arabe, jointly published in 2004 by the CEDEJ (Cairo) and Karthala.

E-mail: cmilani@ufba.br

Carlos Schmidt Arturi is a professor and researcher in the Post-Graduate? Programme for International Relations and the Department and Post-Graduate? Programme in Political Science at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (Porto Alegre, Brazil). As coordinator of the latter he works on the transformation of the state as well as international conflicts. His most recent work is Os desafios para a instauração de uma governança mundial democrática na atual conjuntura internacional (2003).

E-mail: carlos.arturi@ufrgs.br

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